Classification: Historic Site No. 202 (May 26, 1970)
Site Location: 79, Jangneung-ro (Pungmu-dong), Gimpo-si
Jangneung is the tomb of King Wonjong, the father of the 16th king of Joseon, King Injo (1623 – 1649), and his wife, Queen Inheon. King Wonjong was prince Jeongwon, fifth son of King Seonjo, and was known to be handsome, tall, and prudent in his actions. He also had great love for his parents and siblings, so King Seonjo loved him very much.
At first, Prince Jeongwon was buried in Gokchon-ri, Yangju-gun. His first son, Prince Neungyang (King Injo) dethroned King Gwanghaegun and came to the throne through Injo Restoration, making Prince Jeongwon as Daewongun, meaning the father of the king. The status of his tomb was thus heightened and it was renamed Heunggyeongwon. In 1627, King Injo moved Prince Jeongwon’s tomb to Seongsan Hill in Gimpo-hyeon and renamed him King Wonjong and his tomb Jangneung in 1632.Queen Inheon was designated Yeonju Bubuin after his son’s coronation and her palace was named Gyeungung Palace. The queen later died at the age of 49 in 1626 and was buried on Seongsan Hill in Gimpo. Her tomb was called Yukgyeongwon. Prince Jeongwon’s remains were taken to be buried in the same grave as her wife so Yukgyeongwon was renamed Heunggyeongwon. The size and dimensions of the tomb are typical of the mid-Joseon dynasty. There is a memorial service hall under the tomb, which is where King Yeongjo and King Jeongjo, the 21st and 22nd kings of Joseon, went every year to attend a memorial service. The area around the tomb is set up as a park. It is easily accessible by car from Seoul, allowing many people to come out for picnics on weekends and holidays.