Jangneung Royal Tomb

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  • Jangneung Royal Tomb

Jangneung Royal Tomb

  • Classification : Historic Site No. 202 May 26, 1970
  • Period : Joseon Dynasty

Jangneung is the royal tomb of King Wonjong, the father of the16th king of Joseon, King Injo (1623 - 1649), and his wife, Queen Inheon.
King Wonjong was Prince Jeongwon, the fifth son of King Seonjo, and was known to be handsome, tall, and prudent in his actions. He also had great love for his parents and siblings, so King Seonjo loved him very much.
At first, Prince Jeongwon was buried in Gokchon-ri, Yangju-gun. His first son, Prince Neungyang (King Injo) dethroned King Gwanghaegun and came to the throne through Injo Restoration, making Prince Jeongwon as Daewongun, meaning the father of the king. The status of his tomb was thus heightened and it was renamed Heunggyeongwon.
In 1627, King Injo moved Prince Jeongwon’s tomb to Seongsan Hill in Gimpo-hyeon and renamed him King Wonjong and his tomb Jangneung in 1632.
Queen Inheon was designated YeonjuBubuin after his son’s coronation and her palace was named Gyeungung Palace.
The queen later died at the age of 49 in 1626 and was buried on Seongsan Hill in Gimpo. Her tomb was named Yukgyeongwon.
Prince Jeongwon’s remains were taken to be buried in the same grave as her wife, renaming Yukgyeongwon to Heunggyeongwon.
The size and dimensions of Jangneung Royal Tomb are typical of the mid-Joseon dynasty. There is a memorial service hall under the tomb, which is where King Yeongjo and King Jeongjo, the 21st and 22nd kings of Joseon, went every year to attend a memorial service.
The area around the tomb is set up as a park. It is easily accessible by car from Seoul, allowing many people to come out for picnics on weekends and holidays.

More Information

  • Address : 79, Jangneung-ro, Gimpo-si, Gyeonggi-do
  • Contact : 031-984-2897
  • Website : http://royaltombs.cha.go.kr/html/HtmlPage.do?pg=/new/html/portal_01_16_01.jsp&mn=RT_01_16
  • Public Transportation
    • Songjeong Station (Line 5) Exit 1 → Take Bus No. 2, 60, 60-3, 388, or 3000 → Get off at Sau High School, Gimpo High School Bus Stop (headed GeolpoSageori) → Take Town Bus No. 52 (PungnyeonMaeul, Gimpo High School) → Get off at Jangneug Royal Tomb Entrance (1-minute walk)
    • Gyeyang Station (Incheon Subway Line 1, Airport Railroad) Exit 1 → Take Bus No. 81 or 81-1→ Get off at Jangneug Royal Tomb Entrance (1-minute walk)
    • GwanghwamunSageori, Hongik University, Hapjeong → Take Red Bus No. 1004 → Get off at Jangneug Royal Tomb Entrance (13-minute walk)
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