Address: 102-38, Munsusan-ro, Wolgot-myeon, Gimpo
Munsusanseong Fortress was built in 1694 in the 20th year of King Sukjong’s reign and, along with Gapgotjin, defends Ganghwa Strait.
The name originated from Munsusa Temple, which was erected at the top of the mountain during the reign of Silla’s King Hyegong (765 – 780), and it was designated as Historic Site No. 139 in 1964.
An intense battle with the French Military in 1866 (the 3rd year of King Gojong’s reign) destroyed the wall and gate tower on the coast and devastated the interior of the fortress. With the wall gone, the site became home to a town, and only the walls connecting the ridge of Munsusan Mountain remained but the west and north gates were restored while about 4 km of the fortress, out of the total 6 km, has remained.
The highest mountain in Gimpo (376 m), Munsusan Mountain is known as “Geumgang of Gimpo” for its beautiful scenery for four seasons and boasts magnificent views of Hangang River and Samgaksan Mountain on the east, Incheon sea on the far west, and Gaepung-gun on the north.
Also, going past the forest park, it is connected to about 4 km-long Munsusanseong Fortress, providing a living classroom that teaches the history of our people who have resisted and fought against foreign intrusions in late Joseon dynasty.
Going on the trail of Munsusan Mountain forest park past the observatory and Hongyemun Gate and reaching the top, you may experience Munsusa Temple, which was built during the reign of Silla’s King Hyegong (765 – 780), and Stupa and Stele for Buddhist Monk Pungdam, which is Gyeonggi-do’s Tangible Cultural Heritage No. 91.